In this course, comparison between traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and Western medicine is made based on high fever from the pathological condition of high fever is studied. We will then discuss the possible reasons for it. We will compare the diagnostics of TCM and Western medicine on high fever. Finally, the treatment of both TCM and Western medicine will be compared. The treatment of TCM which includes acupuncture and herbs will be throughly discussed. After the comparison, it is believed that TCM practitioners and acupuncturists will be able to make right decision when they have to deal with such urgent conditions.